What are the hardest programming languages ​​to learn? Meet 10 of them

The growth of the technology area has made many professionals interested in joining the sector. As a result, the demand for courses that teach programming has grown. However, this is not a simple task, as several codes are highly complex. But do you know which is the most difficult programming language ? 

In this article you will find everything about this topic. We will cover the concept of programming language, why it is so difficult to learn, in addition to the 10 hardest that currently exist. If you are interested in joining this world, enjoy the text and good reading!

What is programming language?

The programming language is nothing more than a set of codes and instructions that are used to create behaviors of a machine or a computer program. With it, the programmer can assign functions and specify the data that the system must operate on.

In addition, the programmer can define how data should be stored and transmitted. It is also possible to determine, according to all the variables, which actions the software should perform. All this can be done through a system that is composed of symbols, rules of logic, words, as well as semantic and syntactic rules.

Why can it be so difficult to learn a programming language?

Mastering a particular programming language is not always an easy task. To give an example, it’s like learning a new foreign language. That is, it requires dedication, study and, more than that: a lot of practice.

There are many languages ​​available in the market. Some easier, some more complex. Ideally, you should keep in mind which specialty you want to pursue. This will also directly reflect on the opportunities you will have in the job market. The hardest languages, of course, are the ones that offer the best pay.

What are the 10 most difficult programming languages ​​to learn?

There are a number of complex languages ​​these days. Each one has its particularity and, above all, high complexity. To help you get to know a little more about them, we’ve listed below those that are considered the most difficult to learn. Check out the top 10 languages ​​with this profile:

1. Brainfuck

For some, this is considered the most difficult programming language in the world. Among professionals in the field, it is called esoteric language, that is, when it is considered very complex and, therefore, little used. Characterized by its minimalism, it is a complete Turing language . It has only 8 commands to write any program. For this reason, it is almost not taken into account in complex projects.

2. Cow

Created in 2003 by programmer Sean Heber, the Cow programming language, in addition to having a funny name, has only 12 instructions. One of the biggest curiosities is that the word ‘moo’, which represents the sound of a cow, is the main word used when programming. It was created based on the same logic as the Turing Machine.

3. Intercal

In this programming language there is no pronounceable acronym. However, with the aim of making it more user-friendly, some words were included, such as: Ignore, Read, Forget, Please, among others. The funniest thing is that if you put less than 4 “Por Favor” in your code, it will not be executed, as you will consider the programmer rude.

4. C++

Considered a mid-level programming language, C++ is one of the most widely used on the market. Created in 1980 by Bjarne Stroustrup, it has gone through many evolutions. It has a wide variety of codes, in addition to the C language, which makes programming even more flexible, supporting multiple paradigms in underdeveloped environments.

5. Prolog

Prolog is a language aimed at the development of projects focused on Artificial Intelligence, as well as the automation of projects, expert systems, databases, among others. It uses a lot of programming logic .

One of its differentials is that, as it is declarative, it brings ways to solve problems through facts and rules, unlike procedural or object-oriented languages.

6. White space

It is an esoteric language, especially for its ironies and more comic footprint. Its premise is only the use of… blank spaces! Its logic only allows the use of tab characters and linefeeds. Anything other than this will skip reading and interpreting the code.


One of the differentials of LISP is that the programmer is able to incorporate other styles of programming language within the codes. Considered a dynamic language, its logic is based on building small modules, each of which will always have a simple objective. Together, these modules are responsible for resulting in a complete program.

8. Haskell

Derived from other languages, such as ML and Miranda, Haskell is a functional programming language, that is, when the primary control structure is the function. It is ideal for the programmer who especially needs to solve mathematical problems and make code easy to maintain.

9. Rust

Built to be efficient and reliable, Rust focuses on developing back-end projects. It is ideal for producing applications, software and tools linked to systems.

Launched by Mozilla, it is one of the most modern programming languages, with super current computing parameters. One of the main objectives of its creation was the replacement of C++ in Mozilla’s own projects.

10. Assembly

Considered a low-level language, Assembly allows the programmer to write code more easily. This is because it uses a notation in text format. Assembly languages ​​are considered machine code instructions. In practice it means that it is capable of configuring hardware commands.

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